in American National Biography Online
January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 2375 words.
Billings, John Shaw (12 April 1838–11 March 1913), army medical officer, library organizer, and public health activist, was born near Allensville, Indiana, the son of James Billings, a...