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Abraham Darby

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — British History.

(1677–1717).

The founder of the great Shropshire iron industry, using local supplies of coal and iron. He was born in Worcestershire of a quaker family, apprenticed in Birmingham,...

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acorn cup

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Covered silver cup shaped like the cupulate involucre in which the acorn grows, usually mounted on a botanical stem. Acorn cups were popular in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

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Adams, Ansel

William A. Turnage.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 3127 words.

Adams, Ansel (20 February 1902–22 April 1984), photographer and environmentalist, was born in San Francisco, California, the son of Charles Hitchcock Adams, a businessman, and Olive Bray....

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Adams, Clement

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

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Adams, Marian Hooper

Eugenia Kaledin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Social and Cultural History. 1402 words.

Adams, Marian Hooper (13 September 1843–06 December 1885), Washington hostess, pioneer photographer, and the wife of Henry Adams, Washington hostess, pioneer photographer, and the wife of...

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agate glass

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

An imitation of agate made by blending molten glass of two or more colours. The technique was known in antiquity and revived in late fifteenth-century Venice and Germany.

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Alcaraz

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

Spanish centre of carpet production in Murcia. Alcaraz was one of the two principal centres (together with Cuenca) of carpet production in 15th- and 16th-century Spain. The hand-knotted...

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Alexander, Cosmo

Patricia R. Andrew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; World History; Travel and Holiday. 681 words.

Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had...

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Ames, Blanche Ames

Jacqueline Van Voris.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 730 words.

Ames, Blanche Ames (18 February 1878–01 March 1969), artist and women's rights activist, artist and women’s rights activist, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, the daughter of Adelbert...

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Anderson, Alfred

John M. MacKenzie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Art Forms; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction. 1041 words.

Anderson, Alfred (1896–2005), joiner and soldier, was born on 25 June 1896 at 20 Kinloch Street, Dundee, the third son of Andrew Anderson (1864–1945) and his wife, Christina, née Emmerson...

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