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Aegina

Simon Hornblower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History. 658 words.

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Aegospotami

Simon Hornblower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History. 146 words.

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Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE

Kenneth S. Sacks.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History; Classical Philosophy. 237 words.

Who lived most of his adult life in *Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to *Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the...

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agōgē

Stephen Hodkinson and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; Ancient Greek History. 457 words.

The Spartan public upbringing (never in fact so-called in surviving writers of the 5th and 4th cents. bce). Its reconstruction is bedevilled by poor and conflicting sources and modern debate over how...

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Antichthon/Antipodes

Alfred Hiatt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History; History of Science and Technology. 1236 words.

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Attalus I, 269–197 BCE

R. M. Errington.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Middle Eastern History. 426 words.

Attalus I (269–197 bce), ruler of *Pergamum (241–197), the first Pergamene to use the royal title. Cousin and adopted son of *Eumenes (1) I, Attalus expanded and consolidated his kingdom through...

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Attalus II, 220–138 BCE

R. M. Errington.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Middle Eastern History. 223 words.

Attalus II (220–138 bce), king of *Pergamum (158–138), second son of *Attalus I, called ‘Philadelphus’ (‘Brother-loving’). Attalus served under his brother *Eumenes (2) II as loyal general against...

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Ctesias

Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Middle Eastern History. 1875 words.

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Egypt, Ptolemaic

Dorothy J. Thompson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Middle Eastern History. 968 words.

In the period from the death of Alexander (3) the Great in 323 bce until Octavian's conquest and the death of *Cleopatra VII in 30 bce the Egyptian throne was held by Macedonians, and from...

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ephēboi

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; Ancient Greek History. 695 words.

Ephēboi originally meant boys who had reached the age of puberty, and was one of several terms for age classes; but in 4th-cent. bce Athens it came to have a special paramilitary sense, boys who in...

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