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Aachen

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 127 words.

German city situated close to the Dutch and Belgian borders, the scene of the first major battle fought by Eisenhower

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AB AKTION

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 47 words.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign

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AB AKTION

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign. It has been estimated that about 3,500 were killed from...

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ABC-1 Plan

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 135 words.

the outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan,

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ABC-1 Plan

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as...

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ABDA Command

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile...

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ABDA Command

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 209 words.

first attempt at a combined Allied command, which was agreed at the first Washington conference in December 1941 (see

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Abwehr

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 1877 words.

(‘defence’), German military intelligence and counter-intelligence organization formed after the First World War. Although the Versailles settlement of 1919

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Abwehr

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),

the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the...

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Abyssinia

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 171 words.

(Ethiopia), an ancient East African kingdom of some ten million people ruled by an emperor, Haile Selassie. In October

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