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abbess

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the...

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Abbey of Savigny

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and...

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Abbo of Fleury

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?945–1004),

a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.

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Abell, Adam

Stephanie M. Thorson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; History. 1078 words.

Abell, Adam (1475x80?–1537?), Franciscan friar and chronicler, was born in Salt Preston, Haddingtonshire, but the names and occupations of his parents are not recorded and details of his...

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Abernathy, Ralph David

Kenneth H. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1918 words.

Abernathy, Ralph David (11 March 1926–17 April 1990), civil rights leader and minister, was born David Abernathy in Linden, Alabama, the son of William L. Abernathy and Louivery Valentine...

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Acathistus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Gk. ‘not sitting’, because it was sung standing),

a famous Greek liturgical hymn in honour of the BVM. It may be the work of St Romanos ‘Melodos’, but the authorship is disputed.

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Acland, John

Francis Espinasse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 697 words.

Acland, John (1699–1796), Church of England clergyman and writer on social issues, was the second son of John Acland (d. 1703), of Beerford, Devon, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

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Acrelius, Israel

Thaddeus Russell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Education; History. 610 words.

Acrelius, Israel (04 December 1714–25 April 1800), Lutheran clergyman and author, was born in Öster-Âker, Sweden, the son of Johan Acrelius, a pastor, and Sara Gahm. At the age of twelve he...

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Acta Sanctorum

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The celebrated series of lives of the saints, arranged in the order of their feasts in the ecclesiastical year, which was begun by the Bollandists in the 17th cent. By 1925 it had reached...

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Acts of Uniformity

Overview page. Subjects: History — Christianity.

A series of English laws intended to secure the legal and doctrinal basis of the Anglican Communion. The first (1549) made the Book of Common Prayer compulsory in church services, with...

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