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Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist

Josef L. Altholz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 4652 words.

Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton,...

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Alcott, A. Bronson

Frederick C. Dahlstrand.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 2037 words.

Alcott, A. Bronson (29 November 1799–04 March 1888), Transcendentalist and reformer, was born Amos Bronson Alcox in Wolcott, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Chatfield Alcox and Anna Bronson,...

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Banyacya, Thomas

Dennis Wepman.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online September 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Native American History. 1097 words.

Banyacya, Thomas (02 June 1909–06 February 1999), Native-American religious leader, was born Banyacya in the village of Moencopi, near a Hopi reservation in Arizona. His parents' names and...

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Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian

Martha S. Vogeler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 1144 words.

Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian, was born on 23 January 1831 in Feckenham, Worcestershire, the eldest son of the Revd James Beesly and his wife, Emily...

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Black Elk

A. Kristen Foster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Native American History. 1566 words.

Black Elk ( December 1863–19 August 1950), Lakota holy man, was born on the Little Powder River (probably within the present-day borders of Wyoming), the son of Black Elk, a Lakota medicine...

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Blomfield [née Ryan], Sara Louisa [Sitárih Khánum] (1859–1939), Bahءi promoter and philanthropist

Philip Hainsworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems. 922 words.

Blomfield [née Ryan], Sara Louisa [Sitárih Khánum] (1859–1939), Bahءi promoter and philanthropist, was born in Knockaneven, near Limerick, the daughter of Matthew John Ryan. She received a...

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Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer

Matthew Lee.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1214 words.

Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer, was born in Coventry on 31 January 1811, the son of a wealthy ribbon manufacturer. Ill as a child, Bray was sent out of the city...

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Breakwell, Thomas (1872–1902), the first English Bahaءi convert

Philip Hainsworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Social and Cultural History; Alternative Belief Systems. 492 words.

Breakwell, Thomas (1872–1902), the first English Bahaءi convert, was born at Ellen Street, Woking, Surrey, on 31 May 1872, the youngest of the five children of Edward Breakwell, blacksmith,...

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Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Education. 857 words.

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights, was one of six children born to Ann and Richard Sharples, a counterpane manufacturer, in...

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Cheney, Ednah Dow Littlehale

Lawrence W. Snyder.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems. 1213 words.

Cheney, Ednah Dow Littlehale (27 June 1824–19 November 1904), social reformer and author, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the daughter of Sargent Smith Littlehale, a partner in a...

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