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Azo

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. after 1229) Law professor at Bologna for thirty years, ranked as the most influential law teacher of his time.

Authoritative medieval commentaries on civil and canon law...

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compurgation

Overview page. Subjects: History — History of Law.

The process whereby an accused person could call upon twelve people to swear to his innocence or the truth of his statement. It was abolished in 1833.

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English Law

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — History of Law.

From the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries differed fundamentally from the legal systems of continental Europe in three important respects. First, English law was (and remains)...

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fideicommissum

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — History of Law.

(‘trust’) Since Roman law required testators to set aside a fixed portion of their estate for their children, a fideicommissum addressed to the heir entreated him to grant the testator’s ...

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Gerard Noodt

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) — History of Law.

(1647–1725).

Gerard Noodt was born in Nijmegen (Guelders), the fifth child of Peter Noodt and his wife Gijsbertje Biesman. As his father was the administrator of various civic and...

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Irnerius

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1055–d. in or after 1125) Legist, teacher, glossator.

Possibly of German origin, Irnerius is often credited with the revived study of Roman law in the early 12th century. He...

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mutilation

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — History of Law.

The infliction of serious bodily injury so as to disfigure or disable. It is a war crime so classified by Article 8 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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Ulrich Zasius

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — History of Law.

(1461–1536),

German humanist and jurist, born in Konstanz, where he worked as an ecclesiastical notary. In 1494 he moved to Freiburg, where he was headmaster of the grammar school,...

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William Murray, Lord Mansfield

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — British History.

(1705–93).

Judge. In 1742 Mansfield became solicitor‐general with a seat in Parliament for Boroughbridge. Newcastle relied heavily on Mansfield and was reluctant to see him become...

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