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History x Astronomy and Astrophysics x clear all

armillary sphere

Overview page. Subjects: History — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

An instrument used since ancient times to demonstrate and observe the movements of the heavens. It consists of a number of rings (armillaries) representing celestial great circles such as...

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balloon

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Bǝˈlōōn

n.a large bag filled with hot air or gas to make it rise in the air, typically carrying a basket for passengers: a hot-air balloon.

when or before the ...

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Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet

John Sweetman and Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2503 words.

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer, was born at Brisbane House, Largs, Ayrshire, on 23 July 1773, the eldest son of Thomas Brisbane...

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Caroline Lucretia Herschel

Overview page. Subjects: History — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1750–1848) German–British astronomer. See Herschel, Sir (Frederick) William.

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Christoph Scheiner

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1573–1650)

Germanscholar and astronomer. In 1611, with the aid of a telescope he built himself, he became one of several independent discoverers of sunspots (the others included...

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Cooper, Edward Joshua

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1474 words.

Cooper, Edward Joshua (1798–1863), landowner and astronomer, was born in May 1798 at St Stephen's Green, Dublin, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Synge Cooper (d. 1830), a landowner,...

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Costard, George

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 670 words.

Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy, was baptized on 20 January 1710 at St Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, the son of the Revd Edward Coster, vicar of St Mary's,...

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Dawes, William

Derek Howse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 824 words.

Dawes, William (1762–1836), astronomer and colonial administrator, probably born at Portsmouth, was the eldest son of Benjamin Dawes, clerk of works in the Office of Ordnance in Portsmouth....

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Dixon, Jeremiah

Derek Howse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 681 words.

Dixon, Jeremiah (1733–1779), surveyor and astronomer, was born in Bishop Auckland, co. Durham, on 27 July 1733, the fifth of the seven children of George Dixon, a well-to-do Quaker coalmine...

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Dunthorne, Richard

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 596 words.

Dunthorne, Richard (1711–1775), astronomer and surveyor, was born at Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, where his father was a gardener. His progress at the free grammar school in Ramsey caught the...

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