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Articles of war

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

The disciplinary code for the Royal Navy. They were first issued in 1653 and were based on the ancient sea Laws of Oleron in which maritime crimes and punishments are specified. In Tudor...

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bergantina

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A small Mediterranean rowing and sailing vessel of the 14th–16th centuries, which could be considered as the Mediterranean counterpart of the English pinnace of the same period. Bergantinas...

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Cádiz

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

With the discovery of America in 1492, the port of Cádiz in southern Spain became the wealthiest port in Europe, as it was here that Spanish treasure ships returned from ...

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carrack

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A large sailing ship developed in the 14th century that carried a combination of square and lateen sails, first on two and later on three masts. See also ships, seafaring, and navigation.

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Dorestad

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Maritime History.

An important Carolingian emporium on the lower Rhine river near Wijk bij Duurstede, Dorestad served as the gateway for Frankish and Frisian trade to the North Sea region. It contained ...

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Dutch Literature

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Maritime History.

The courtly poets of the Netherlands in the Middle Ages first began to adapt Italian models when Dirk Potter van der Loo (c.1365–1428), a secretary at the court of the ...

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globes

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A depiction, in the form of a revolving sphere mounted at the poles, of the earth or the constellations of the heavens. They are known as terrestrial (earth) and celestial (heavens) globes....

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Jacob van Heemskerk

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Maritime History.

(1567–1607),

Dutch seaman who sailed with Willem Barentszoon on his second and third voyages (1595–6); he was one of the twelve survivors of the third voyage, and their survival...

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Jacques Cousteau

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1910–97),

French naval officer, explorer, and one of the pioneers of oceanography, best known for developing, with Émile Gagnan, the aqualung for diving, and for his documentaries...

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Laws of Oleron

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A code of maritime law enacted by Eleanor of Aquitaine, who married Henry II of England in 1152. It was attributed by her to the Island of Oleron, which lies 32 kilometres (20 mls.) north...

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