in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean
February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .
Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Middle Eastern Languages; Religion in the Ancient World. 9728 words.
This chapter examines the history of the establishment of the first Islamic Empire. It explains that the Arab Muslims took control of a culturally and religiously heterogeneous and...
in The Oxford Handbook of the Literatures of the Roman Empire
P ublished online May 2016 .
Article. Subjects: Middle Eastern Languages; Religion in the Ancient World. 15912 words.
Still extant, the Mandaeans are the longest-surviving Gnostic people from the era of late antiquity. Belonging to the rubric of Gnostic Baptists, the Mandaeans may have had a historical...