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Arabic Intonation

Dina El Zarka.

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Linguistic Typology. 13100 words.

This overview of intonation in Arabic compares the intonational systems of selected Arabic dialects from Morocco in the West to Kuwait in the East. The formal comparison will mainly be...

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Asymmetry in Case Marking

Oliver A. Iggesen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 4100 words.

Many languages with nominal case inflection apply the same distinctions of case forms evenly across their entire nominal lexicon. Hence, all conceivable subclasses of nominals must...

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Case and the Typology of Transitivity

Seppo Kittilä.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 3247 words.

Canonical transitive events involve a volitional and controlling agent and a thoroughly affected patient. Any deviation from this prototype may result in a change in the coding of the...

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Case-Marking Typology

Beatrice Primus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 7236 words.

Case is a category of marking dependent noun phrases for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. The three phenomena that are clearly determined by case functions in many...

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Categories and Prototypes

Johan Van Der Auwera and Volker Gast.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 9026 words.

This article first addresses some historical remarks on the notion of the categories in philosophy and in linguistics. The differences between prototype theory and the classical model of...

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Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology

Johan Van Der Auwera and Jan Nuyts.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7880 words.

This article examines the relations between cognitive linguistics and linguistic typology. First, it offers a “neutral” characterization of the field of linguistic typology, defined as a...

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Comparative, Historical, and Typological Linguistics since the Eighteenth Century

Kurt R. Jankowsky.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

March 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 9541 words.

Francis Bacon’s (1561–1626) demand for scientific language investigation, supplemented by Gottfried Leibniz’s (1646–1716) endorsement of natural scientific methodology, provided the...

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Competing Motivations

John Haiman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7339 words.

This article first addresses the drive for non-referential symmetry in Cambodian, and comparable decorative frills in other languages. The evidence within Cambodian favours the ‘whole...

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Degrees of grammaticalization across languages

Béatrice Lamiroy and Walter De Mulder.

in The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 5584 words.

This article analyses the variation in degrees of grammaticalisation across languages. It proposes the hypothesis that an essential property of grammaticalisation also applies within a...

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Distributional Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 10831 words.

Over the past two decades, linguistic typology has been moving increasingly away from its original goal of classifying languages into ideal types that would be constrained by categorical...

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