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Haldeman, Samuel Stehman

W. Conner Sorensen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Natural History. 1593 words.

Haldeman, Samuel Stehman (12 August 1812–10 September 1880), naturalist and philologist, was born at Locust Grove, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, the son of Henry Haldeman, a businessman,...

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Lhuyd [Lhwyd; formerly Lloyd], Edward

Brynley F. Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Natural History. 2217 words.

Lhuyd [Lhwyd; formerly Lloyd], Edward (1659/60?–1709), naturalist and philologist, was born in the parish of Loppington, Shropshire, the illegitimate son of Edward Lloyd (1635–1681) of...

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manipulation

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

An aspect of communication, which can occur when the receiver obtains information about the signaller, against the interests of the signaller. For example, the courtship display of a male...

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optimality theory

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics — Biological Sciences.

The theory that behavioural strategies involve decisions which tend to maximize the efficiency of that behaviour.

http://www.holycross.edu/departments/biology/kprestwi/behavior/ESS...

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Ord, George

Robert McCracken Peck.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Natural History; History of Science and Technology; Biographical Studies. 1142 words.

Ord, George (04 March 1781–24 January 1866), naturalist, writer, and lexicographer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of George Ord, a retired sea captain who in 1798 became a...

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