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Ellis [formerly Sharpe], Alexander John

M. K. C. MacMahon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Mathematics. 2649 words.

Ellis [formerly Sharpe], Alexander John (1814–1890), phonetician and mathematician, was born Alexander John Sharpe in Hoxton, London, on 14 June 1814, the elder of the two sons of James...

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machine translation

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics — Computing.

The use of computers in translating from one natural language to another. This was originally a branch of artificial intelligence research, but commercial translation systems are now used...

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parsing

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Linguistics.

The process of deciding whether a string of input symbols is a sentence of a given language and if so determining the syntactic structure of the string as defined by a grammar (usually...

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phrase-structure grammar

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics — Computing.

A form of generative grammar that describes the relations between words and morphemes of a sentence, but does not analyse syntactic relations in greater depth.

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René B. Thom

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Linguistics.

(1923–2002)

French mathematician, awarded the Fields Medal in 1958 for work in topology, but best known for his development of the mathematics in catastrophe theory, where...

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speech Synthesis

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Linguistics.

The production of artificial speech for output by a D/A converter. The input is typically a file of text. The synthesis may be performed either by hardware or software, the Klatt...

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systemic grammar

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Linguistics.

A grammar in which a set of categories and levels are used to account for the formal aspects of language. The three levels are FORM (grammar and lexis), SUBSTANCE (phonic and graphic...

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