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Akbar

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music — Islam — Society and Culture — World History.

(b. 1542, r. 1556–1605)

Mughal emperor, known as ‘The Great’. He showed a constructive interest in

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Alberta Hunter

Overview page. Subjects: Music — United States History.

(b. 1 April 1895; d. 17 October 1984), blues singer and composer whose career spanned seven decades.

“I’ve got the world in a jug, the stopper’s in my hand,” are ...

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Alfonso Ferrabosco

Overview page. Subjects: Music — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1543–88), and

(c.1575–1628),

Italian composers in England. Alfonso the Elder, after a youthful career as an instrumentalist and singer in France, moved to England where...

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Alicia de Larrocha

Overview page. Subjects: Music — History.

(b Barcelona, 1923).

Sp. pianist. First public appearance at age of 5. Concert début Madrid 1935. In late 1940s made int. reputation. London début, 1953; NY début 1955; Salzburg...

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Alonso Mudarra

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Music.

(c.1510–1580),

Spanish composer and vihuelist who was brought up in the de Mendoza household. He became a canon at Seville Cathedral in 1546, where he became involved in musical...

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Amati

Overview page. Subjects: Music — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

It. family of vn.‐makers (also vas., vcs., and dbs.) at Cremona. Comprised Andrea (c. 1505–c. 1580) whose sons Antonio (c. 1538–c. 1595) and Girolamo (Geronimus) (1561–1630) made many...

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André Watts

Overview page. Subjects: Music — United States History.

(b Nuremberg, 1946).

Amer. pianist. Début 1955 with Philadelphia Orch. Soloist with NYPO cond. Bernstein 1963. Eur. début (London) 1966. NY recital début 1966. Salzburg Fest. début...

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Arnolt Schlick

Overview page. Subjects: Music — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(c.1460–c.1521),

German composer, organist, and author of a treatise on organs. He acted as organ consultant in Hagenau, Speyer, and Neustadt an der Haardt (now Neustadt an der...

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ars antiqua

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Music.

(Lat.).

Old art. The medieval W. European mus. style, based on plainsong and organum, employed by composers (notably Leonin and Pérotin) of the Notre Dame or Parisian sch. in the...

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ars subtilior

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Music.

(Lat., ‘the more subtle art’).

A term used to describe French vocal music of the late 14th century. Composers after Machaut developed a sophisticated and complex musical style...

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