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Philosophy x Moral Philosophy x History of Western Philosophy x clear all

‘A Promise Made is a Debt Unpaid’

Mark Migotti.

in The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche

September 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 9670 words.

This article discusses what we can learn about promising and about Nietzsche’s critique of morality from his discussion of sovereign promising in the opening sections of the second essay of null...

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Abortion

Michael Tooley.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 36782 words.

Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied ethics, and answering those questions involves addressing some...

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Action

Adrian Haddock.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6449 words.

The philosophy of action shares with its topic a certain uncertainty of location. Is action located inside the mind or outside the mind—or does it in some way belong to both domains...

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Adam Smith

James Otteson.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics

January 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Moral Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy. 11136 words.

The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) is Adam Smith's major contribution to ethical thought. Although it underwent six revisions during his lifetime, its primary arguments did not change,...

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Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle’s Theory of the Stoic Indemonstrables

Susanne Bobzien.

in Strategies of Argument

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 11525 words.

This chapter presents a new account of the development of ancient logic, focusing on how the Aristotelian commentator Alexander of Aphrodisias managed to effect a bridge between Aristotle’s...

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Alfred Tarski

Mario Gomez-Torrente.

in Philosophy

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6396 words.

Alfred Tarski (b. 1901–d. 1983) was a Polish American–mathematician, widely regarded as one of the greatest logicians of all time. Tarski’s work has been influential in philosophy,...

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American Moral Philosophy

Brad Hooker.

in The Oxford Handbook of American Philosophy

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 6624 words.

The philosophy of language and philosophy of science were dominant from the middle 1930s for the next twenty-five years. During this period, many leading philosophers felt reluctant to...

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Analytic Approaches to Aesthetics

Peter Lamarque.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6534 words.

Aesthetics is broadly that branch of philosophy concerned with fundamental questions about the nature of beauty, the nature of art, and the principles of art criticism. Some of these...

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Analytic Approaches to Pornography and Objectification

Mary Kate McGowan and Bianka Takaoka.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 4732 words.

Analytic philosophers have explored whether and how pornography, or its consumption, contributes to the (sexual) objectification of women. This essay describes that literature. It does not...

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Analytic Philosophy of Music

Stephen Davies.

in Philosophy

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8640 words.

Analytic philosophy, with its emphasis on clear, topic-based argument, is usually dated to the early 20th century and is contrasted with Continental philosophy, which is more often...

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