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Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the <i>Physics</i> and <i>De Generatione et Corruptione</i>

S. Marc Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 12006 words.

Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is,...

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Ammonius Saccas

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl.200–50)

Alexandrian Platonist, and teacher of Plotinus and Origen (not to be confused with an earlier Ammonius, who taught Plutarch). Little is known of Ammonius, who seems to...

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Anaxagoras and the Theory of Everything

Patricia Curd.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 10416 words.

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae proposed a theory of everything. Like other Presocratics, Anaxagoras addressed topics that could now be placed outside the sphere of philosophical inquiry: not only...

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Anaxarchus

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Classical Studies.

(4th c. bc)

A follower of Democritus and teacher of Pyrrho. He accompanied Alexander the Great on his travels to the east, and was greatly esteemed by him. It is he whom Pyrrho is...

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Anaximenes of Miletus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl. c.546 bc)

The junior member of the Miletian school, and probably a pupil of Anaximander. His astronomy was relatively unsophisticated, but he is remembered for the doctrine...

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The Ancient Greeks

Sarah Broadie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Causation

November 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Classical Philosophy. 9363 words.

There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural phenomena...

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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism

Robert Gnuse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8772 words.

Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article...

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Ancient Scepticism

Richard Bett.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics

January 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Moral Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 9488 words.

This chapter, which analyses the ethical theories of Greek sceptic Sextus Empiricus, begins by considering other sceptical figures who preceded Sextus, both for their intrinsic interest and...

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Anniceris

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl. c.320–280 bc)

Minor Cyrenaic philosopher, who developed a sophisticated hedonism, with a stress on the pleasures of virtuous living that in some respects anticipates Epicurus.

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Antiochus of Ascalon

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(c.130–68 bc)

Eclectic Hellenistic philosopher. Antiochus maintained the essential agreement of the opposed schools of philosophy of his time. His decisive break with Philo of...

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