Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 94 items for:

Philosophy x Classical Philosophy x clear all

Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the <i>Physics</i> and <i>De Generatione et Corruptione</i>

S. Marc Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 12006 words.

Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is,...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Anaxagoras and the Theory of Everything

Patricia Curd.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 10416 words.

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae proposed a theory of everything. Like other Presocratics, Anaxagoras addressed topics that could now be placed outside the sphere of philosophical inquiry: not only...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

The Ancient Greeks

Sarah Broadie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Causation

November 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Classical Philosophy. 9363 words.

There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural phenomena...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Ancient Scepticism

Richard Bett.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics

January 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Moral Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 9488 words.

This chapter, which analyses the ethical theories of Greek sceptic Sextus Empiricus, begins by considering other sceptical figures who preceded Sextus, both for their intrinsic interest and...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aquinas, Plato, and Neoplatonism

Wayne J. Hankey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas

January 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 4196 words.

Plato, and a wide variety of ancient, Arabic, and medieval Platonisms had a significant influence on Aquinas. The Corpus, with its quasi-Apostolic origin for Aquinas, was his most...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aristotelian Freedom

David Keyt.

in The Oxford Handbook of Freedom

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 8450 words.

According to Aristotle, the “democratic” freedom treasured by the exponents of ancient Greek democracy has two marks, one personal and one political: (i) to live as one wishes and (ii) to...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aristotle in the Arabic Commentary Tradition

Peter Adamson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy. 10652 words.

In late antiquity, the commentary became the most prominent genre of philosophical writing. Aristotle was the author who received the lion's share of attention, even though the...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aristotle on Becoming Good: Habituation, Reflection, and Perception

Richard Kraut.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 15489 words.

The Greek noun for which “virtue” and “excellence” are often used as translations—aretê (plural: aretai)—is cognate to the name of the god of war, Ares (called “Mars” in Latin) and,...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aristotle on Earlier Natural Science

Edward Hussey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 15242 words.

In the field of natural science, Aristotle recognizes as his forerunners a select group of theorists such as Heraclitus of Ephesus, Empedocles of Acragas, Anaxagoras of Clazomenae, and...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract

Aristotle on Heuristic Inquiry and Demonstration of <i>What it is</i>

Kei Chiba.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Epistemology. 17238 words.

In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle develops a theory of demonstration as a way of gaining causal knowledge of things or events (pragmata) under the general plan of constructing both an...

Go to Oxford Handbooks Online »  abstract