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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism

Robert Gnuse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8772 words.

Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article...

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Apocalyptic Eschatology in the Ancient World

John J. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 7659 words.

The category of “apocalyptic literature” was invented by the German New Testament scholar Friedrich Lücke in 1832 in the context of an introduction to the Book of Revelation. Lücke...

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Apocalyptic Eschatology in the Ancient World

John J. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 7659 words.

The category of “apocalyptic literature” was invented by the German New Testament scholar Friedrich Lücke in 1832 in the context of an introduction to the Book of Revelation. Lücke...

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Apocalypticism and Messianism

Michael A. Knibb.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 14860 words.

The beliefs of the movement that lies behind the scrolls were influenced by the eschatological ideas of the early Enochic writings and by the Book of Daniel, and although the movement does...

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Introduction

Susan Ashbrook Harvey and David G. Hunter.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 1222 words.

The section divisions in this Handbook offer broad ways of organizing early Christian studies. After Part I, Part II considers types of evidence crucial for establishing early Christian...

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Monotheism, Principal Angels, and the Background of Christology

L. W. Hurtado.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 9401 words.

In recent decades, there has been an intensively renewed interest in the origins and development of ‘Christology’, religious practices as well as ideas/beliefs, and earliest ‘devotion’....

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Paul among Jews, Greeks, and Romans

Paul Trebilco.

in The Oxford Handbook of Pauline Studies

P ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World; Philosophy of Religion. 7804 words.

Paul was at home in the three worlds of the title of this chapter, which formed a complex and variegated whole. Paul presents us with a range of his Jewish credentials, including that he is...

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The Trinity in the Fourth-Century Fathers

J. Warren Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Trinity

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 7187 words.

This article offers a nuanced account of the fourth-century Trinitarian controversies. It shows how the fundamentally exegetical controversies began with Arius' insistence on the unique...

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