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Academy of Athens

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Teaching college founded by Plato, around 387 bc. Although knowledge of its organization is fragmentary, it appears to have favoured a teaching method based on discussion and seminars. The...

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Adam Usk

Chris Given-Wilson.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 4611 words.

The chronicler Adam Usk was born in the parish of Usk in South Wales around 1350 and died there in early 1430, but the life he led was far from parochial, involving intrigue, betrayal,...

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Ælfric

Joyce Hill.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13617 words.

The homilist Ælfric (c. 950–1010), monk, masspriest, and abbot of Eynsham, is the most significant vernacular prose writer from Anglo-Saxon England by virtue of the quantity and quality of...

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Aelred of Rievaulx

Marsha L. Dutton.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 12970 words.

The most prominent of the Cistercian abbots of 12th-century England, Aelred of Rievaulx (b. 1110–d. 1167), also spelled Ailred or Æthelred, was a popular preacher and a prolific writer,...

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Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini

Craig Kallendorf.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 7741 words.

Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (b. 1405–d. 1464) is one of the more interesting and enigmatic figures of the Italian Renaissance, a Renaissance humanist who became Pope Pius II. Born into an...

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Agrippa von Nettesheim

Charles G. Nauert.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 6708 words.

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (b. 14 September 1486 in Cologne—d. 1535 in Grenoble) was famous (or infamous) as the author of works on magic and the occult sciences not only in...

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Albrecht Dürer

Jeffrey Chipps Smith.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 13722 words.

Albrecht Dürer (b. 1471–d. 1528), of Nuremberg, enjoyed great fame in his lifetime and, occasionally, a cultlike status in later centuries. He remains the most renowned German artist....

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Alcuin of York

Valerie L. Garver.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10095 words.

Alcuin of York (b. c. 735/740–d. 804) ranks among the most influential scholars of the early Middle Ages. His works ranged a relatively wide gamut from theology to political thought,...

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Aldhelm of Malmesbury

Rosalind C. Love.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 6475 words.

Aldhelm, abbot of Malmesbury (Wiltshire) and then bishop of Sherborne from about 705, was described by Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History (written some twenty-five years after Aldhelm’s...

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Aldo Manuzio (Aldus Manutius)

Craig Kallendorf.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 4520 words.

Aldo Manuzio (c. 1450–1515) was famous in his own day as one of a group of great scholar-printers, and he has retained this historical prominence over the years. He began printing in Venice...

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