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arithmetic

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Philosophy.

The study of the natural numbers, which are 0, 1, 2, 3…and their successors. Arithmetic is characterized by Peano's postulates. Philosophical questions include the nature of our knowledge...

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Jacopo Zabarella

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1533–89)

Italian Aristotelian philosopher who taught at Padua. He was important to the development of Aristotelian logic in the direction of natural philosophy, methodology and...

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Juan Luis Vives

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Philosophy.

(1493–1540)

Spanish humanist and scholar. Owing to the perturbed state of Europe Vives lived in many places, including Paris and Oxford, although often based at Bruges, where his...

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Sir Henry Spelman

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Philosophy.

(c.1560/64–1641),

antiquary: b. nr and bequeaths his library to Swaffham.

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William Barclay

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Philosophy.

(1546/7–1608),

Scottish jurist and political philosopher in France and England. Barclay was educated at the University of Aberdeen, and left Scotland for France in 1573. He studied...

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