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Alienation and reification

in Critical Theory

March 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 4240 words.

‘Alienation and reification’ explores the concept of alienation and reification in Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, and how this affected 20th century Western...

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Ancient sex

Gary Gutting.

in Foucault

March 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 3091 words.

Towards the end of his life, Foucault's topic of exploration turned to the ethical formation of the self, which emerged from his analysis of modern power relations. ‘Ancient sex’ looks at...

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Archaeology

Gary Gutting.

in Foucault

March 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 3066 words.

Foucault is mostly regarded as a philosopher, despite the fact that most of his books were histories. He characterized his historic works first as ‘archaeology’ and then later as...

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Art

Michael Inwood.

in Heidegger

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biographical Studies; 20th-Century Philosophy. 4044 words.

‘Art’ examines Heidegger's view of Art as a source of truth. He believed that rather than being concerned only with beauty and pleasure, art was ‘the disclosure of the being of beings’. Art...

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Authenticity

in Existentialism

October 2006; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 5909 words.

‘Authenticity’ considers how to live a ‘free’ life. Authenticity comes from owning up to our self-defining choices and transcending one's situation to make something of oneself. To deny...

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Becoming an individual

in Existentialism

October 2006; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 6358 words.

‘Becoming an individual’ looks at the influence of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche on existentialism's approach to the individual. Kierkegaard described three stages for the individual: the...

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Being

Michael Inwood.

in Heidegger

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biographical Studies; 20th-Century Philosophy. 2109 words.

‘Being’ describes the importance that Heidegger ascribed to considering the nature of an object, or its being, before addressing knowledge of it. Whereas other philosophers treated all...

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A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought

in Existentialism

October 2006; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 6445 words.

‘A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought‘ surveys the development of social responsibility in existentialist thought. Previous proponents of ‘authenticity’ like...

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Conclusion

in Kierkegaard

February 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 1285 words.

Kierkegaard's thought offered challenge to various intellectual tendencies of his age, especially those that aimed to reduce the doctrinal aspects of Christianity to terms that made it...

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Creatures of difference

in Poststructuralism

August 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: 20th-Century Philosophy. 5826 words.

Dialogue is possible through language, but only if we use it appropriately, subscribing to the meanings already given in the language that always precedes our familiarity with it....

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