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Abdolkarim Soroush

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Society and Culture. 7455 words.

Introduction

If Ali Shari‘ati was the intellectual par excellence of the Islamic revolution, Abdolkarim Soroush represents one of the most

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Abdolkarim Soroush

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion. 7455 words.

Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three distinct periods: (1) a critique of...

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Abdullah Cevdet

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Philosophy.

Abdullah Cevdet (1869– 1932),was a leading Ottoman/Turkish free-thinker, materialist, and Westernizer. He was born in the town of Arapgir in Maʿmuretʿül-Azîz Province of the Ottoman Empire...

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Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) Theory of ‘States’ (<i>aḥwāl</i>) and its Adaption by Ashʿarite Theologians

Jan Thiele.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology

March 2016; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion. 10094 words.

This chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī...

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‘Ali Shari‘Ati

Shahrough Akhavi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Society and Culture. 5740 words.

Introduction

‘Ali Shari‘ati (1933–1977), an Iranian political activist and intellectual, emerged into the public eye in his own country around

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‘Ali Shari‘Ati

Shahrough Akhavi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion. 5740 words.

This article analyzes the five main themes emerging from the thought of Iranian political activist and intellectual `Ali Shari`ati (1933–1977). These are (1) history as a dialectical...

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al-Maʾmūn (r. 198/813–218/833) and the <i>Miḥna</i>

Nimrod Hurvitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology

March 2016; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion. 5348 words.

Modern studies of the miḥna have focused on al-Ma’mun’s claim to spiritual authority. Basing itself on Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s interrogations and al-Ma’mun’s miḥna letters, this study focuses on...

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Apocalyptic

Philip Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 5654 words.

In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this...

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Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, and Messianism

Lutz Greisiger.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 11070 words.

Apocalyptic phenomena and discourses run as a thread through Jewish, Christian, and Muslim history, playing a lead role during times of transition and ferment. Apocalyptic phenomena...

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Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church

Richard Swinburne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 9779 words.

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has...

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