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Analytic Philosophy

Charles Pigden.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Philosophy of Religion. 7068 words.

Most analytic philosophers are atheists, but is there a deep connection between analytic philosophy and atheism? The paper argues (a) that the founding fathers of analytic philosophy were...

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Aquinas and Atheism

Brian Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 9501 words.

This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how...

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Atheism and Darwinism

David P. Barash.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religion and Science; Philosophy of Religion. 8511 words.

Although evolution by natural selection does not necessarily disprove the existence of God (thus, it does not ‘prove’ the validity of atheism), it negates two of the more potent...

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Atheism and the Meaningfulness of Life

Kimberly A. Blessing.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 7614 words.

Both theists and atheists have attempted to show that their opponent’s orientation towards religion prevents them from living truly meaningful lives. But exclusivists on both sides are...

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Atheism and the Secularization Thesis

Frank L. Pasquale and Barry A. Kosmin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Philosophy of Religion. 7464 words.

There are signs of both secularization and religionization in the world today. Consistent with the modernization-secularization thesis, structural factors such as increasing economic...

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Buddhism

Andrew Skilton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Buddhism; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 6541 words.

The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of...

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Catastrophic Millennialism

Eugene V. Gallagher.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Alternative Belief Systems; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 8708 words.

Catastrophic millennialism emanates from a deep pessimism towards society, history, and general humanity. This article develops an analysis of the basic descriptive vocabulary of...

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Collins, Anthony (1676–1729), philosopher and freethinker

J. Dybikowski.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; Philosophy. 2493 words.

Collins, Anthony (1676–1729), philosopher and freethinker, was born on 21 June 1676 at Isleworth, Middlesex, the eldest child of Henry Collins (1646/7–1705), lawyer, and Mary Dineley. He...

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Doubt and Belief in Literature

Roger Lundin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and the Arts

February 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies; Alternative Belief Systems. 8933 words.

The story of belief and doubt in modern literature begins with the emergence of open [CE1]unbelief at roughly the midpoint of the nineteenth century. For the first generation of...

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Dudgeon, William (1705/6–1743), freethinker and philosopher

P. Russell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; Philosophy. 593 words.

Dudgeon, William (1705/6–1743), freethinker and philosopher, is of unknown origins. A tenant farmer who resided at Lennel Hill Farm, near Coldstream, Berwickshire, he was one of several...

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