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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism

Robert Gnuse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8772 words.

Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article...

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Aquinas and Atheism

Brian Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 9501 words.

This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how...

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Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church

Richard Swinburne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 9779 words.

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has...

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Avertive Apocalypticism

Daniel Wojcik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 10870 words.

The concept of avertive apocalypticism describes a wide range of beliefs that predict imminent worldly destruction and maintains that apocalypse may be averted or forestalled if believers...

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Buddhism

Andrew Skilton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Buddhism; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 6541 words.

The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of...

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Catastrophic Millennialism

Eugene V. Gallagher.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Alternative Belief Systems; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 8708 words.

Catastrophic millennialism emanates from a deep pessimism towards society, history, and general humanity. This article develops an analysis of the basic descriptive vocabulary of...

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Comparative Natural Theology

Wesley J. Wildman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 6836 words.

This chapter begins by discussing four challenges faced by natural theology. The challenges indicate that the prospects for natural theology cannot be definitively evaluated in the...

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Death, Final Judgment, and the Meaning of Life

David Bentley Hart.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 7322 words.

The ancient injunction memento mori—whispered by a slave into the ear of a victorious general in his triumphal chariot or by a monk to his own heart in the solitude of his cell—has...

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Death, Final Judgment, and the Meaning of Life

David Bentley Hart.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 7322 words.

The ancient injunction memento mori—whispered by a slave into the ear of a victorious general in his triumphal chariot or by a monk to his own heart in the solitude of his cell—has...

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European Millennialism

Rebecca Moore.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies. 9899 words.

This article discusses three recurring themes that can be identified from the midst of global millennialism, namely Sacred time—the categorization of history into religiously relevant holy...

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