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actualization

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Psychology.

The realization of latent potential. Compare self-actualization. actualize vb. [From Latin actualis of or relating to acts, from actus an act + Greek -izein cause to become or to resemble]

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akrasia

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Psychology.

(Greek, incontinence)

The condition in which while knowing what it would be best to do, one does something else. The phenomenon intrigued Plato and Aristotle, because if we accept...

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associationism

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

A psychological doctrine concerning the attraction between mental elements or ideas, first suggested in a chapter entitled ‘Of the Association of Ideas’ that the English empiricist...

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ataraxia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

The state of tranquillity or imperturbability, freedom from anxiety, considered to be one of the desirable results of an immersion in scepticism, and by Epicureans to be part of the highest...

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attributive

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

Of or relating to an adjective or adjectival phrase occurring within the same noun phrase as the noun that it modifies. For example, the adjective good is attributive in the phrase the good...

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Baldwin, James Mark

Robert H. Wozniak.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Psychology. 1472 words.

Baldwin, James Mark (12 January 1861–08 November 1934), psychologist and philosopher, was born in Columbia, South Carolina, the son of Cyrus Hull Baldwin, a businessman and sometime federal...

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barber paradox

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

A village has a barber in it, who shaves all and only the people who do not shave themselves. Who shaves the barber? If he shaves himself, then he does not, but if he does not shave...

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biological naturalism

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

The view that mental phenomena such as consciousness and intentionality are natural biological phenomena on a par with growth, digestion, or photosynthesis. Biological naturalism is defined...

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Bryan, William Lowe

James H. Capshew.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Education; Philosophy; Psychology. 1172 words.

Bryan, William Lowe (11 November 1860–21 November 1955), philosopher, psychologist, and educator, was born William Julian Bryan on a farm near Bloomington, Indiana, the son of John Bryan, a...

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Buridan's ass

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

A problem of decision making typified by a hungry ass standing between two equidistant and equally attractive bales of hay who starves to death because reason provides no grounds for...

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