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Adams, Maurice

Mark Bevir.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Political Theory. 881 words.

Adams, Maurice (1850–1935), socialist and moral philosopher, was the youngest child of John Botroele Adams, a general agent who specialized in building and insurance work. His elder sister...

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Adorno, Theodor

Alan Sica.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Theory; Education; Philosophy; Composition. 1174 words.

Adorno, Theodor (11 September 1903–06 August 1969), social and political theorist, aesthetician, and atonalist musical composer, was born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund in Frankfurt, Germany,...

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Alienation as a Theory of History

Peter Singer.

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 1936 words.

How did Marx come to his materialist theory of history? Marx thought that practical human activity was needed to solve theoretical problems. ‘Alienation as a Theory of History’ examines how...

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An Assessment

Peter Singer.

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 3857 words.

If Marx did not make scientific discoveries about economics and society, what did he achieve? Is his system just a historical curiosity? ‘An Assessment’ looks at what elements of Marx's...

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The background of Kant's thought

in Kant

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; 17th - 18th Century Philosophy; Christianity; Political Theory. 3950 words.

The Critique of Pure Reason is the most important work of philosophy written in modern times. ‘The background of Kant's thought’ presents, with as few technicalities as possible, an...

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Beauty and design

in Kant

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; 17th - 18th Century Philosophy; Christianity; Political Theory. 5049 words.

Kant's writings on religion show an attempt at the systematic demystification of theology. ‘Beauty and design’ analyses Kant's writings on religion and touches upon Kant's aesthetics. An...

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Bentley, Arthur Fisher

James W. Endersby.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology; Education; Political Theory; Philosophy. 1540 words.

Bentley, Arthur Fisher (16 October 1870–21 May 1957), sociologist, political scientist, and philosopher, was born in Freeport, Illinois, the son of Angeline Alice Fisher and Charles...

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The categorical imperative

in Kant

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; 17th - 18th Century Philosophy; Christianity; Political Theory. 7671 words.

The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals which preceded the Critique provides a summary of Kant's moral viewpoint. Both works look at ‘ practical reason’. ‘ The categorical imperative’...

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Communism

Peter Singer.

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Social and Political Philosophy. 2603 words.

What kind of society did Marx hope would take the place of capitalism? The answer is simple: communism. ‘Communism’ considers exactly what Marx meant by communism, which is very difficult...

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Conclusion

in Hobbes

May 2002; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 1026 words.

Hobbes's reputation was paradoxical. He was hostile to dogmatism of every kind, yet he was seen as a brusque dogmatist. He was hostile to the intellectual authorities of the churches, but...

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