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Abortion

Michael Tooley.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 36782 words.

Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied ethics, and answering those questions involves addressing some...

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Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Richard Pettigrew.

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 256 pages.

This book explores a particular way of justifying the rational principles that govern credences (or degrees of belief). The main principles that the book justifies are the central tenets of...

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The accuracy argument for Probabilism

Richard Pettigrew.

in Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 6857 words.

This chapter summarizes the results of the investigation so far and gives the final version of the accuracy argument for Probabilism.

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Action

Adrian Haddock.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6449 words.

The philosophy of action shares with its topic a certain uncertainty of location. Is action located inside the mind or outside the mind—or does it in some way belong to both domains...

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Actual Causation

Christopher Hitchcock.

in Making a Difference

June 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 7556 words.

This chapter connects two themes in the work of Peter Menzies: (1) the agency theory of causation; and (2) the analysis of actual causation in terms of structural equation models together...

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Against Conjunctivism

Brian Epstein.

in The Ant Trap

April 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Metaphysics. 5892 words.

Conjunctivism is the view that anchors are just another kind of grounds, and therefore, that the grounding conditions for social facts are conjunctive: they include both grounds and...

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Agency and Interventionist Theories

James F. Woodward.

in The Oxford Handbook of Causation

November 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 13486 words.

Agency and interventionist theories of causation take as their point of departure a common-sense idea about the connection between causation and manipulation: causal relationships are...

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Alfred Tarski

Mario Gomez-Torrente.

in Philosophy

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6396 words.

Alfred Tarski (b. 1901–d. 1983) was a Polish American–mathematician, widely regarded as one of the greatest logicians of all time. Tarski’s work has been influential in philosophy,...

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Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the <i>Physics</i> and <i>De Generatione et Corruptione</i>

S. Marc Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 12006 words.

Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is,...

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Analytic Approaches to Aesthetics

Peter Lamarque.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6534 words.

Aesthetics is broadly that branch of philosophy concerned with fundamental questions about the nature of beauty, the nature of art, and the principles of art criticism. Some of these...

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