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Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism

James D. Tabor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies. 7627 words.

This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time;...

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Annihilationism

Clark H. Pinnock.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity. 6901 words.

In Christian theology, annihilationism designates the views of those who hold that the finally impenitent wicked will cease to exist after (or soon after) the last judgment. Annihilation is...

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Annihilationism

Clark H. Pinnock.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity. 6901 words.

In Christian theology, annihilationism designates the views of those who hold that the finally impenitent wicked will cease to exist after (or soon after) the last judgment. Annihilation is...

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Apocalyptic

Philip Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 5654 words.

In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this...

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Apocalyptic Literature

Christopher Rowland.

in The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology

March 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies. 9492 words.

The term ‘apocalypse’ denotes a particular literary type found in the literature of ancient Judaism, characterized by claims to offer visions or other disclosures of divine mysteries...

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Apologetics

Mark Edwards.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 7765 words.

In Greek forensic usage, an ‘apology’ (apologia) is a formal speech on behalf of the defendant. The first surviving works to bear this title professed to be records of the speech delivered...

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Aquinas and Atheism

Brian Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 9501 words.

This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how...

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Arius and Arians

J. Rebecca Lyman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 9526 words.

Although the teachings of Arius of Alexandria sparked a series of theological debates and church councils in the fourth century concerning the nature and redemptive activity of God,...

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Asceticism

Rebecca Krawiec.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 10308 words.

This article explores an abstract concept, ‘asceticism’. Two obstacles immediately present themselves to an overview of the role of asceticism in shaping early Christian studies: the lack...

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Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church

Richard Swinburne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 9779 words.

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has...

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