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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 8834 words.

This article discusses archaeology's impact on biblical scholarship, especially over the last two centuries. It describes the Christian pilgrims, explorers, travellers, map makers, and...

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 4733 words.

This article discusses the contributions of archaeology to biblical scholarship. Biblical scholarship needs the archaeologist as it needs the anthropologist, the epigraphist, the...

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The Growth of the Apocrypha

Alison Salvesen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World. 13484 words.

Both apocryphal and pseudepigraphical works are increasingly studied at an academic level for what they reveal of the religious preoccupations of their writers and the communities that...

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Jews and Christians

Andrew S. Jacobs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 7734 words.

A concise narrative of the split between ancient Judaism and Christianity persists in modern scholarship. This narrative has its roots in a theologically conditioned, supersessionist...

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Purity in the Dead Sea Scrolls

Jonathan Klawans.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 12675 words.

This article considers Leviticus, the Rabbis, and Qumran; ritual purity, moral purity, and their evolution at Qumran; and other incongruities facing the purity–community model. The dominant...

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Qumran Calendars and Sectarianism

Sacha Stern.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 10084 words.

The main principles of Qumran calendars are known to most scholars, but only a small circle of specialists have studied them in detail. The centrality of the calendars to Qumran culture,...

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Reviewing the Links between the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Cairo Genizah

Stefan C. Reif.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 12918 words.

The question has often been raised about the relative importance of the Genizah vis-à-vis the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Dead Sea Scrolls have undoubtedly attracted wider attention because they...

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Sectarian Communities in the Dead Sea Scrolls

John J. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 10431 words.

It has been customary to speak of ‘the Qumran community’. This community is usually identified as an Essene settlement, and is widely assumed to have been celibate. However, this article...

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Textual Criticism

Arie Van der Kooij.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 5839 words.

Since, as is generally assumed, the biblical books in Hebrew (and Aramaic) go back to a period of a much earlier date – that of the seventh to the second centuries BCE – the question arises...

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