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Akbar

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music — Islam — Society and Culture — World History.

(b. 1542, r. 1556–1605)

Mughal emperor, known as ‘The Great’. He showed a constructive interest in

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Bar Cochba

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

Jewish leader of a rebellion in 132 ad against the Roman emperor Hadrian's intention to rebuild Jerusalem as a non-Jewish city. His claim to be the Messiah was accepted by some. A number of...

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Caesar

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — World History.

A branch of the aristocratic Roman Julia clan, the name of which passed from its most famous member Julius Caesar to become an imperial title. All succeeding Roman emperors adopted it,...

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Carbonari

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

(Ital., ‘charcoal-burners’).

A secret political society which emerged in Italy in the early 19th cent. They utilized Christian symbolism but rejected Divine revelation and looked...

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Children's Crusade

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Christianity.

(1212).

A popular movement intended to recover Jerusalem for Christian rule. Marching from Cologne, the main party reached Genoa, but went no further. The so-called ‘children’...

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Cornelius Otto Jansen

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

(1585–1638)

Flemish Roman Catholic theologian and founder of Jansenism. A strong opponent of the Jesuits, he proposed a reform of Christianity through a return to St Augustine. To...

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Fulani Dynasty

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Islam.

West African Muslim leaders in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Fulani, a major ethnic group in the region, came together under the leadership of Uthman Dan Fodio in a jihad...

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Harsha

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — World History.

(c. 590–647)

Buddhist ruler of a large empire in north India (c. 606–47). He dominated the entire Gangetic plain, and also parts of the Punjab and Rajasthan, but was repulsed from...

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Henry Sacheverell

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

(1674–1724)

English divine and preacher. In 1709 he preached two sermons attacking the Whig government's policy of religious toleration, one of the principles of the Glorious...

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Henry Vane

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

(1613–62),

English politician. In the Long Parliament he was a bitter opponent of W. Laud and of Strafford, and he was one of the commissioners chiefly responsible for the Solemn...

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