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Religion x Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) x clear all

Aaron ben Elijah

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?1328–69).

Karaite Jewish philosopher and exegete. His greatest work was the trilogy Ez Hayyim (Tree of Life), Gan Eden (Garden of Eden), and Keter Torah (Crown of the Law).

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Abbasid

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Religion.

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.

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abbess

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the...

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Abbey of Savigny

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and...

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Abbo of Fleury

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?945–1004),

a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.

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ʿAbd al-Malik

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

(r. 685–705)

Umayyad caliph responsible for standardizing imperial coinage and collecting a corpus of hadith to be interpreted by appointed faqihs (Muslim jurists), causing hadith...

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Abraha

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Ruled in sixth-century Yemen on behalf of the Negus of Abyssinia. Attacked Mecca in 570. His assault was, according to the Quran (surah 105), foiled by God, who sent a flock of birds that...

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Abraham Bar Hiyya

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. c.1136).

Jewish Spanish philosopher and translator. He produced several works of philosophy, the best known of which are Hegyon ha-Nefesh ha-Azuvah (Meditation of the Sad...

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Abraham's Bosom

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Religion.

(Heb., be-heiko shel Avraham).

An expression indicating the location of righteous souls. It led to the famous ‘malapropism’ of the Hostess in Shakespeare's Henry V: ‘Nay, sure he's...

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Acathistus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Gk. ‘not sitting’, because it was sung standing),

a famous Greek liturgical hymn in honour of the BVM. It may be the work of St Romanos ‘Melodos’, but the authorship is disputed.

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