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A “Pre-History” of Papal Embargo

Stefan K. Stantchev.

in Spiritual Rationality

July 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Religion; Social and Cultural History. 14052 words.

Following a broadly conceived introduction, Chapter 1 presents the specific problem of papal embargo and positions the reader in time, place, and historical contexts. Late medieval ‘crusade...

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Abernathy, Ralph David

Kenneth H. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1918 words.

Abernathy, Ralph David (11 March 1926–17 April 1990), civil rights leader and minister, was born David Abernathy in Linden, Alabama, the son of William L. Abernathy and Louivery Valentine...

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Acland, John

Francis Espinasse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 697 words.

Acland, John (1699–1796), Church of England clergyman and writer on social issues, was the second son of John Acland (d. 1703), of Beerford, Devon, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

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Aga Khan Iv, His Highness Prince Karim

in Who's Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Hobbies, Games, Arts and Crafts; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Religion. 516 words.

granted title His Highness by the Queen, 1957, granted title His Royal Highness by the Shah of Iran, 1959; KBE 2004

Born Genthod, Geneva, 13 Dec. 1936...

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Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca]

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; UK Politics. 3261 words.

Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie)...

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Alcott, A. Bronson

Frederick C. Dahlstrand.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 2037 words.

Alcott, A. Bronson (29 November 1799–04 March 1888), Transcendentalist and reformer, was born Amos Bronson Alcox in Wolcott, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Chatfield Alcox and Anna Bronson,...

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Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus]

D. A. Bullough.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Christianity. 5432 words.

Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus] (c. 740–804), abbot of St Martin's, Tours, and royal adviser, was a major figure in the revival of learning and letters under the Frankish king and emperor,...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim

Doreen Berger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 839 words.

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon...

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Alexander, Horace Gundry

Geoffrey Carnall and J. Duncan Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History. 925 words.

Alexander, Horace Gundry (1889–1989), Quaker envoy and mediator, was born on 18 April 1889 at Croydon, Surrey, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Gundry Alexander (1848–1918), a Quaker...

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Alleyne [Allyn], Thomas

Richard Stephens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 1621 words.

Alleyne [Allyn], Thomas (c. 1488–1558), clergyman and benefactor, was probably a native of Sudbury, Staffordshire, where he later made provision for the commemoration of his parents. A...

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