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Religion x Alternative Belief Systems x clear all

The Age of Enlightenment

Alan Charles Kors.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; History of Religion. 8297 words.

This article discusses the meanings, origin, context, scope, and central intellectual claims of atheism in the Age of the European Enlightenment. It emphasizes debates about proofs of the...

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Alternative Spiritualities, New Religions, and The Reenchantment of the West

Christopher Partridge.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

July 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 13516 words.

This article asks if the West is witnessing a thoroughgoing erosion of belief in the supernatural. Is the loss of faith in otherworldly forces a linear, one-way, inevitable decline, or are...

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Analytic Philosophy

Charles Pigden.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Philosophy of Religion. 7068 words.

Most analytic philosophers are atheists, but is there a deep connection between analytic philosophy and atheism? The paper argues (a) that the founding fathers of analytic philosophy were...

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The ancient world

in Paganism

May 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems. 5891 words.

According to ‘The ancient world’, burial evidence points to three main models of our earliest religious beliefs: the notion of the earth mother; veneration of the dead, and by extrapolation...

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Aquinas and Atheism

Brian Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 9501 words.

This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how...

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Arguments for Atheism

Graham Oppy.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religious Studies. 8698 words.

This essay distinguishes three kinds of arguments for atheism: direct; indirect; and comparative. The article begins with a quick survey of direct arguments, and argues that the prospects...

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As It Was in the Beginning

David G. Bromley.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 7155 words.

The study of new religions in the making (NRMs) is particularly valuable to the study of religion as it offers a window into the process by which religious organizations develop. This...

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Atheism and Cognitive Science

Jonathan Lanman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religion and Science. 6577 words.

The findings of the cognitive sciences enrich our understanding of atheism by providing a more nuanced and empirically grounded concept of ‘belief’ and by problematizing psychological...

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Atheism and Darwinism

David P. Barash.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religion and Science; Philosophy of Religion. 8511 words.

Although evolution by natural selection does not necessarily disprove the existence of God (thus, it does not ‘prove’ the validity of atheism), it negates two of the more potent...

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Atheism and Morality

Erik J. Wielenberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religious Studies. 7213 words.

This essay addresses two popular worries about morality in an atheistic context. The first is a psychological or sociological one: the worry that unbelief makes one more disposed to act...

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