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Abhinavagupta

Overview page. Subjects: Theatre — Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Religious Studies — Indian Music — Hinduism.

(c.975–1025)

Greatest of the Kashmiri Śaiva theologians. His works deal with the theoretical, yogic, and ritual

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Akbar

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music — Islam — Society and Culture — World History.

(b. 1542, r. 1556–1605)

Mughal emperor, known as ‘The Great’. He showed a constructive interest in

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akṣara

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music — Buddhism — Religious Studies.

Sanskrit term meaning imperishable, fixed, etc. (a + kṣhara). Akṣhara is also a letter of the alaphabet, a syllable or

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anāhata Nād

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music.

An ‘unstruck sound’ heard by sants and yogins as the immediate prelude to enlightenment or samādhi, sometimes equated with

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Annamācārya

Overview page. Subjects: Indian Music — Hinduism.

(1408–1503)

A South Indian poet-saint of the Śrī Vaiṣṇava tradition. He is said to have composed more than

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Ārati

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music — Religious Studies.

Honouring the deity with light (dīpa). Āratī is one of the sixteen offerings (upacāras) made during worship (

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Bahiṇābāī

Overview page. Subjects: Indian Music — Hinduism — Social and Cultural History.

(c.1628–c.1700)

A Vaiṣṇava poet-saint from Maharashtra. She left an autobiography (Ātmanivedana) in

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Bāul

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Religious Studies — Indian Music.

The name given to the followers of a bhakti tradition originating in Bengal, whose characteristic activity is to renounce the

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Bhāgavata

Overview page. Subjects: Theatre — Indian Music — Hinduism — Religious Studies.

1 A term widely applied to Vaiṣṇavas (i.e. devotees of Viṣṇu and Kṛṣṇa) of all traditions.

2 The name

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bhajan

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism — Indian Music.

A devotional hymn, or collection of hymns, usually sung collectively (in satsaṅg). Singing bhajans is the principal mode of

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