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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept

Mark Silk.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Islam; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 8440 words.

The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians...

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Absalom

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Son of David. After the rape of his sister Tamar by their half-brother Amnon, Absalom murdered Amnon and fled the court. Having raised rebellion against his father David, he was ...

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Achan

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Carmi (1 Chron. 2: 7). After the destruction of Jericho (Josh. 6: 24) some of the booty reserved for the Lord was stolen by Achan; and when the Israelites suffered a reversal in...

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Ahab

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

King of Israel (c.869–850bce), son of Omri and husband of Jezebel, a Sidonian princess. He defeated the armies of Damascus and came into conflict with Assyria. The Deuteronomic historian...

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Ahasuerus

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Name given in the Hebrew scriptures to the Emperor Xerxes, husband of Esther. Ahasuerus is also the name of a king in the Book of Daniel, and is traditionally the name of the Wandering Jew.

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Amalek

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

The name of a tribe that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 17: 8–16; Deuteronomy 25: 17–19), whose memory was to be ‘blotted out’. In the later Jewish tradition the actual...

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Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism

James D. Tabor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies. 7627 words.

This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time;...

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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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