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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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Abraham ben Asher’s Commentary—An Examination of Selected Texts

Benjamin Williams.

in Commentary on Midrash Rabba in the Sixteenth Century

October 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 33179 words.

Abraham ben Asher’s approaches to expounding midrash are examined through analyses of five of his comments. The first illustrates an exegetical method prominent in the ʾOr ha-Sekhel—the...

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Absalom

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Son of David. After the rape of his sister Tamar by their half-brother Amnon, Absalom murdered Amnon and fled the court. Having raised rebellion against his father David, he was ...

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Achan

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Carmi (1 Chron. 2: 7). After the destruction of Jericho (Josh. 6: 24) some of the booty reserved for the Lord was stolen by Achan; and when the Israelites suffered a reversal in...

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Ahab

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

King of Israel (c.869–850bce), son of Omri and husband of Jezebel, a Sidonian princess. He defeated the armies of Damascus and came into conflict with Assyria. The Deuteronomic historian...

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Ahasuerus

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Name given in the Hebrew scriptures to the Emperor Xerxes, husband of Esther. Ahasuerus is also the name of a king in the Book of Daniel, and is traditionally the name of the Wandering Jew.

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Amalek

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

The name of a tribe that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 17: 8–16; Deuteronomy 25: 17–19), whose memory was to be ‘blotted out’. In the later Jewish tradition the actual...

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Analogical Resources I: The <i>a fortiori</i> Inference

Alexander Samely.

in Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah

January 2002; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies; Biblical Studies. 10689 words.

This chapter provides a basis for analogical extensions of norms and categories. The Mishnaic a fortiori inference or qal wa-homer consists of an analogical transfer between subjects which...

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Analogical Resources II: Transfer Within and Between Co-texts

Alexander Samely.

in Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah

January 2002; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies; Biblical Studies. 16604 words.

This chapter continues the discussion of analogical extensions. The word ‘subject/s’ refers to the manner in which one speaks of the ‘subject’ of a sentence. The manner in which Scripture...

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