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A

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 84 words.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (

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Aaron

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1319 words.

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

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Aaron

Aelred Cody.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 442 words.

A major figure in Israel's origins and the first of its high priests. In very ancient narratives, he appears

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Aaron

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 257 words.

Brother of Moses and Miriam, of the tribe of Levi. Over the centuries Aaron's status in Israel's memory was

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Abaddon

Steven Friesen.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 114 words.

Meaning literally, “place of destruction,” Abaddon refers to the realm of the dead in the Hebrew Bible. Occurring mainly in

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Abaddon

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 41 words.

In Hebrew = destruction, and in Job 26: 6 and Prov. 27: 20 denotes the abode of the dead, also

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Abba

William A. Beardslee.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 308 words.

The word for “my father” or “the father.” This Aramaic word appears three times in the New Testament, followed by

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Abba

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 140 words.

An Aramaic word for ‘father’. Jesus used it in prayer in Gethsemane (Mark 14: 36), and it is

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῾Abbasid Caliphate

Alastair Northedge.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 2828 words.

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

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Abednego

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 35 words.

In Hebrew = servant of Nego, a corrupted form of ‘Nebo’; it was the name given by Nebuchadnezzar to Azariah

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