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Abdolkarim Soroush

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Society and Culture. 7455 words.

Introduction

If Ali Shari‘ati was the intellectual par excellence of the Islamic revolution, Abdolkarim Soroush represents one of the most

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‘Ali Shari‘Ati

Shahrough Akhavi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Society and Culture. 5740 words.

Introduction

‘Ali Shari‘ati (1933–1977), an Iranian political activist and intellectual, emerged into the public eye in his own country around

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Anderson, John

John Passmore.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Philosophy. 2746 words.

Anderson, John (1893–1962), philosopher and social critic, was born in Stonehouse, Lanarkshire, 30 miles south-west of Glasgow, on 1 November 1893, the third of the five children of a...

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Andrews, Stephen Pearl

Madeleine Stern.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Philosophy. 1259 words.

Andrews, Stephen Pearl (22 March 1812–21 May 1886), eccentric philosopher and reformer, was born in Templeton, Massachusetts, the son of Elisha Andrews, a Baptist clergyman, and Wealthy Ann...

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Ayatollah Khomeini

Mojtaba Mahdavi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Society and Culture. 10518 words.

Government can only be legitimate when it accepts the rule of God, and the rule of God means the implementation

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Baker, Henry

G. L'E. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Philosophy; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1415 words.

Baker, Henry (1698–1774), natural philosopher and teacher of deaf people, was born on 8 May 1698 in Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London, to William Baker, a clerk in chancery, and his...

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Bosanquet, Bernard

A. M. McBriar.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Sociology; Education; Philosophy. 2161 words.

Bosanquet, Bernard (1848–1923), philosopher and social theorist, was born on 14 June 1848 at Rock Hall, near Alnwick, the youngest of five sons of the Revd Robert William Bosanquet...

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Clapperton, Jane Hume

S. M. den Otter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Philosophy. 922 words.

Clapperton, Jane Hume (1832–1914), philosopher and social reformer, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's in Edinburgh to Alexander Clapperton (d. 1849) and Anne Clapperton, née Hume (d....

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Coxe, Daniel

Michael Hunter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; World History; Travel and Holiday; Earth Sciences and Geography; Philosophy. 1079 words.

Coxe, Daniel (1640–1730), physician, natural philosopher, and colonial adventurer, was the son of Daniel Coxe (d. 1686), gentleman, of Stoke Newington, Middlesex. He matriculated at Jesus...

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Dummett, Sir Michael Anthony Eardley

Daniel Isaacson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 3227 words.

Dummett, Sir Michael Anthony Eardley (1925–2011), philosopher and campaigner against racial injustice, was born Michael Eardley Dummett at 56 York Terrace, Marylebone, London on 27 June...

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