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The Adviser to Princes

in Machiavelli

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Theory. 10418 words.

‘The Adviser to Princes’ considers The Prince, written by Machiavelli in order to recommend himself to the new Medici rulers of Florence. The book is concerned with gaining and holding...

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Alienation as a Theory of History

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 1934 words.

How did Marx come to his materialist theory of history? Marx thought that practical human activity was needed to solve theoretical problems. ‘Alienation as a Theory of History’ examines how...

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An Assessment

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 3858 words.

If Marx did not make scientific discoveries about economics and society, what did he achieve? Is his system just a historical curiosity? ‘An Assessment’ looks at what elements of Marx's...

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Communism

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 2598 words.

What kind of society did Marx hope would take the place of capitalism? The answer is simple: communism. ‘Communism’ considers exactly what Marx meant by communism, which is very difficult...

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The Diplomat

in Machiavelli

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Theory. 6473 words.

‘The Diplomat’ describes the insight that Machiavelli gained during his diplomatic career. Machiavelli became second chancellor of the Florentine Republic aged 29, despite lacking previous...

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Economics

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 4930 words.

Marx's masterpiece was Capital. Here he presented his economic theories. ‘Economics’ traces how Marx came to his economic ideas, going back to 1844. The aim of Capital was to dispel any...

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Enter the Proletariat

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 996 words.

In 1844, Marx published an article called ‘Towards a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction’. The critique remained unfinished, but the ‘Introduction’ stands as a milestone...

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The First Marxism

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 2116 words.

Two important ideas, that economics is the chief form of human alienation and that the material force needed to liberate humanity lies in the working class, had now been formed. ‘The First...

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From God to Money

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 1173 words.

The adaption of Hegel's method into a weapon against religion happened with the help of Ludwig Feuerbach. ‘From God to Money’ considers how Hegel's ideas were transformed into the seeds of...

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The Goal of History

in Marx

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Political Theory. 3312 words.

According to Marx, it is the powers of production, or the ‘productive forces’, which give rise to relations of production, and these relations constitute the economic structure of society....

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