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Alberico Gentili

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Law.

Alberico Gentili (1552–1608), born in San Ginesio (near Macerata, Italy), graduated as doctor of law in 1572 at the University of Perugia. His father Matteo, a physician, was forced as ...

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Alfred Thompson Denning

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

Lord Denning (1899–1999)

was the most renowned English judge of the twentieth century. His fame rested on an irresistible combination of qualities. He had a quick forensic and...

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Azo

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. after 1229) Law professor at Bologna for thirty years, ranked as the most influential law teacher of his time.

Authoritative medieval commentaries on civil and canon law...

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Balthazar Ayala

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — International Law.

(1548–84),

Jurist of the Spanish Netherlands. His treatise on the law of war (De jure et officiis bellicis et disciplina militari, 1582) was an important contribution to the...

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bestiality

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Anal or vaginal intercourse by a man or a woman with an animal. Intercourse with an animal is an offence contrary to s 69 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. See also animal cruelty.

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Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1922– )

Egyptian diplomat and politician, Secretary-General of the United Nations 1992–96. He served as Egyptian minister of state for foreign affairs from 1971 to 1991.

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civil law

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

1 The law of any particular state, now usually called municipal law.

2 Roman law.

3 A legal system based on Roman law, as distinct...

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Clarendon, Sir Roger

C. Given-Wilson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 769 words.

Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator, was the natural son of Edward, the Black Prince (1330–1376), and his mistress (concubina), Edith Willesford. He was...

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codicil

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A document amending an existing will. The codicil refers to and confirms the will as amended (a form of incorporation by reference). It must be executed in the same manner as a will....

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custom

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A pattern or habit of action. A custom may exist without any specific basis in reason, but can itself form the basis for rational action, if the custom gives rise to a norm of action. See...

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