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Azo

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. after 1229) Law professor at Bologna for thirty years, ranked as the most influential law teacher of his time.

Authoritative medieval commentaries on civil and canon law...

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bestiality

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Anal or vaginal intercourse by a man or a woman with an animal. Intercourse with an animal is an offence contrary to s 69 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. See also animal cruelty.

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civil law

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

1 The law of any particular state, now usually called municipal law.

2 Roman law.

3 A legal system based on Roman law, as distinct...

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codicil

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A document amending an existing will. The codicil refers to and confirms the will as amended (a form of incorporation by reference). It must be executed in the same manner as a will....

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custom

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A pattern or habit of action. A custom may exist without any specific basis in reason, but can itself form the basis for rational action, if the custom gives rise to a norm of action. See...

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delict

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Law.

In Scottish and civil law systems, a type of civil wrong in the nature of a tort (e.g. for product liability claims). Liability in delict (delictual liability), like tortuous liability ...

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fideicommissum

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — History of Law.

(‘trust’) Since Roman law required testators to set aside a fixed portion of their estate for their children, a fideicommissum addressed to the heir entreated him to grant the testator’s ...

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immunity

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Law.

N.

Freedom or exemption from legal proceedings. Examples include the immunity of the sovereign personally from all legal proceedings (see royal prerogative); the immunity of...

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Irnerius

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1055–d. in or after 1125) Legist, teacher, glossator.

Possibly of German origin, Irnerius is often credited with the revived study of Roman law in the early 12th century. He...

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juristic person

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

An entity, such as a corporation, that is recognized as having legal personality, i.e. it is capable of enjoying and being subject to legal rights and duties. It is contrasted with a human...

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