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Academic Freedom.

Overview page. Subjects: Law — United States History.

The American tradition of academic freedom drew inspiration from the German concept of Lehrfreiheit, the statutory rights of professors in state universities to teach and do research...

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Admiralty Court

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Regional and National History.

A court forming part of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court whose jurisdiction embraces civil actions relating to ships and the sea. Puisne judges hear cases with the assistance of...

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Albert Bathurst Piddington

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Australasian and Pacific History.

(1862–1945)

qualified in law but chose to teach, including five years at the University of Sydney where his circle of friends included Christopher Brennan. In 1895 he was elected...

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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide

A. W. McIntosh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 999 words.

Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a...

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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide

David Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1117 words.

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–...

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American Bar Association

Overview page. Subjects: Law — United States History.

The American Bar Association (ABA) was founded in 1878 in Saratoga Springs, New York, as a voluntary, national organization of the legal profession. Its initial membership totaled 289...

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Andrew Inglis Clark

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Australasian and Pacific History.

(1848–1907)

was a federationist who helped draft the Commonwealth constitution. A lawyer and parliamentarian in Tasmania, he was an advanced liberal and admirer of the USA with a...

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide

A. W. McIntosh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 591 words.

Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his...

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Ashe, Thomas Samuel

William S. Powell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 958 words.

Ashe, Thomas Samuel (19 July 1812–04 February 1887), jurist and congressman, was born at “the Hawfields,” Orange County, North Carolina, the home of his maternal grandfather, where his...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator

Paul Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History; Social and Cultural History. 1558 words.

Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a...

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