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Abu al-Wafaʾ ʿAli Ibn ʿAqil

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — History of Law.

(d. 1119)

Hanbali jurist with rationalist leanings. In traditionalist eleventh-century Baghdad, his admiration for the mystic al-Hallaj (d. 922) led to his persecution and forced...

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Islamic Law

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Law.

Two terms are used to refer to law in Islam: shariah and fiqh. Shariah refers to God's divine law as contained in the Quran and the sayings and doings of Muhammad (hadith). Fiqh refers to...

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Millet

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Law.

Religious community. From Arabic millah, “religion” or “religious community.” Used by the Ottomans (1517–1922) to refer to self-governing non-Muslim religious communities. Under policy...

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Organization of the Islamic Conference

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — International Law.

Founded in 1971 in the aftermath of a 1969 fire at the al-Aqsa mosque. Primary goals are the promotion of Islamic solidarity among member states; consolidation of cooperation in economic,...

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