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Carter Center

Overview page. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy,...

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child soldiers

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

It is an offence under the Statute of the International Criminal Court to conscript or enlist children under the age of fifteen in the armed forces or use them to participate actively in...

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combatant

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

During the course of an armed conflict between two or more states the members of their armed forces have a right to take part in hostilities as combatants. Should they ...

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Human Security

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Human Rights and Immigration.

The human security concept emerged in the closing decades of the twentieth century as the Cold War ended and the inadequacies of the nation-state system to meet the demands of ...

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International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

(ICTFY)

A tribunal created in 1993 pursuant to two resolutions of the UN Security Council (UNSC Res 808 & 827 (1993). The Security Council, having found that the widespread...

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Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The OSCE emerged out of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), discussions for which were started in 1973 with the aim of providing a forum for discussion ...

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Peacebuilding

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Human Rights and Immigration.

[This entry contains three subentries: An Overview; Theoretical and Historical Analyses; and Mapping Actors of Peacebuilding.]

In 1992, as Cold War politico-military clashes...

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peaceful Coexistence

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

“Peaceful coexistence” is a term invented and used during the Cold War by communist foreign-policy makers to describe the preferred nature of relationships between socialist and...

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peacemaking

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — International Law.

Insofar as it is a term of art, peacemaking is ‘action to bring hostile parties to agreement, essentially through such peaceful means as those foreseen in Chapter VI of the ...

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