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Carter Center

Overview page. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy,...

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child soldiers

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

It is an offence under the Statute of the International Criminal Court to conscript or enlist children under the age of fifteen in the armed forces or use them to participate actively in...

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combatant

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

During the course of an armed conflict between two or more states the members of their armed forces have a right to take part in hostilities as combatants. Should they ...

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Diplomacy and War

Paul Sharp and Robert Weiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Diplomacy and Consular Relations. 3423 words.

Scholars acknowledge that there is a close connection between diplomacy and war, but they disagree with regard to the character of this connection—what it is and what it ought to be. In...

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From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect

Kurt Mills and Cian O’Driscoll.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Human Rights. 12935 words.

In contrast with humanitarian access or the provision of humanitarian assistance, humanitarian intervention is commonly defined as the threat or use of force by a state to prevent or end...

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Human Security

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Human Rights and Immigration.

The human security concept emerged in the closing decades of the twentieth century as the Cold War ended and the inadequacies of the nation-state system to meet the demands of ...

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International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

(ICTFY)

A tribunal created in 1993 pursuant to two resolutions of the UN Security Council (UNSC Res 808 & 827 (1993). The Security Council, having found that the widespread...

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International Law and Armed Conflict

Ward Thomas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Law. 13070 words.

International law and armed conflict have a rather contentious history together. One the one hand, armed conflict implies and absence of law, and yet, on the other, international law plays...

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The Law of Genocide

Robert Weiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Law. 8656 words.

Genocide is described as the most extreme form of crime against humanity; Winston Churchill even called it the “crime with no name.” The word “genocide” was coined by Raphael Lemkin, a...

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Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The OSCE emerged out of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), discussions for which were started in 1973 with the aim of providing a forum for discussion ...

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