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History of Law x Arts and Humanities x clear all

Abu al-Wafaʾ ʿAli Ibn ʿAqil

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — History of Law.

(d. 1119)

Hanbali jurist with rationalist leanings. In traditionalist eleventh-century Baghdad, his admiration for the mystic al-Hallaj (d. 922) led to his persecution and forced...

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Azo

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. after 1229) Law professor at Bologna for thirty years, ranked as the most influential law teacher of his time.

Authoritative medieval commentaries on civil and canon law...

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compurgation

Overview page. Subjects: History — History of Law.

The process whereby an accused person could call upon twelve people to swear to his innocence or the truth of his statement. It was abolished in 1833.

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decretal

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — History of Law.

A papal decree; a document issued by a pope determining some point of doctrine or ecclesiastical law; in plural, the collection of such decrees forming part of the canon law.

Recor...

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English Law

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — History of Law.

From the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries differed fundamentally from the legal systems of continental Europe in three important respects. First, English law was (and remains)...

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fideicommissum

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — History of Law.

(‘trust’) Since Roman law required testators to set aside a fixed portion of their estate for their children, a fideicommissum addressed to the heir entreated him to grant the testator’s ...

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Franciscus Accursius

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — History of Law.

(c.1185–1263).

Italian professor and glossator of civil law (doctor legum), born in Bagnolo near Florence and died in Bologna, Accursius came from a peasant family. He studied...

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Gerard Noodt

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) — History of Law.

(1647–1725).

Gerard Noodt was born in Nijmegen (Guelders), the fifth child of Peter Noodt and his wife Gijsbertje Biesman. As his father was the administrator of various civic and...

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graphē paranomōn

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Classical Studies.

In Athens was a prosecution for the offence of proposing a decree or law which was contrary to an existing law in form or content. As soon as the accuser made a sworn statement that he...

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Irnerius

Overview page. Subjects: History of Law — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1055–d. in or after 1125) Legist, teacher, glossator.

Possibly of German origin, Irnerius is often credited with the revived study of Roman law in the early 12th century. He...

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