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African Charter on Human and People's Rights

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — World History.

A charter adopted by the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) in 1981 and ratified by 35 of its members. The Charter reaffirms the duty of African states to eliminate...

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armistice

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Second World War.

ˈärmistis

n. an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.

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Balthazar Ayala

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — International Law.

(1548–84),

Jurist of the Spanish Netherlands. His treatise on the law of war (De jure et officiis bellicis et disciplina militari, 1582) was an important contribution to the...

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Central American Common Market

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — World History.

(CACM or ODECA) An economic organization comprising Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Beginning with a treaty signed by all five countries in 1960 the CACM sought...

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death penalty

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Military History.

There are conventional prohibitions on the death penalty in some human rights instruments; the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 15...

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Dumbarton Oaks Conference

Overview page. Subjects: History — International Law.

(Aug.–Oct. 1944)

A number of meetings held at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC. Attended by representatives of the USA, Britain, the Soviet Union, and China, it prepared for the...

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forced Sterilization

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — International Law.

Linked to the idea of eugenics and the desire to breed out undesirable genetic faults, compulsory sterilization has, in the past, been undertaken by governments, especially during the first...

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laws of War

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Military History.

International rules and conventions that limit belligerents' action.

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letters of marque

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Military History.

This term connotes the written authority given by a government to private parties to search and seize specified property of a foreign party, ostensibly on the grounds of punishing...

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maritime Boundaries

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Maritime History.

Maritime boundaries are the boundaries between the maritime zones of States whose coasts are opposite or adjacent to each other. In relation to the territorial sea, the boundary is to ...

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