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child soldiers

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

It is an offence under the Statute of the International Criminal Court to conscript or enlist children under the age of fifteen in the armed forces or use them to participate actively in...

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Diplomacy and War

Paul Sharp and Robert Weiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Diplomacy and Consular Relations. 3423 words.

Scholars acknowledge that there is a close connection between diplomacy and war, but they disagree with regard to the character of this connection—what it is and what it ought to be. In...

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From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect

Kurt Mills and Cian O’Driscoll.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Human Rights. 12935 words.

In contrast with humanitarian access or the provision of humanitarian assistance, humanitarian intervention is commonly defined as the threat or use of force by a state to prevent or end...

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International Law and Armed Conflict

Ward Thomas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Law. 13070 words.

International law and armed conflict have a rather contentious history together. One the one hand, armed conflict implies and absence of law, and yet, on the other, international law plays...

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The Law of Genocide

Robert Weiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Law. 8656 words.

Genocide is described as the most extreme form of crime against humanity; Winston Churchill even called it the “crime with no name.” The word “genocide” was coined by Raphael Lemkin, a...

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Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The OSCE emerged out of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), discussions for which were started in 1973 with the aim of providing a forum for discussion ...

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peaceful Coexistence

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

“Peaceful coexistence” is a term invented and used during the Cold War by communist foreign-policy makers to describe the preferred nature of relationships between socialist and...

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peacemaking

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — International Law.

Insofar as it is a term of art, peacemaking is ‘action to bring hostile parties to agreement, essentially through such peaceful means as those foreseen in Chapter VI of the ...

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Reassessing Truth Commissions

Bronwyn Leebaw.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Human Rights. 11496 words.

Truth commissions are temporary institutions that are tasked with investigating patterns of political violence under a prior regime as part of a process of political change. In the past,...

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War, Conflict, and Human Rights

Olga Martin-Ortega, Johanna Herman and Chandra Lekha Sriram.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Human Rights. 11388 words.

The relationship between human rights and armed conflict is rooted in historical debates among religious, philosophical, and international legal scholars about the nature of a just war, and...

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