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Legal System and Practice x Courts and Procedure x Prisons and Jails x clear all

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Female Offenders and Women in Prison

LaTosha Traylor and Beth Richie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Prisons and Jails. 9621 words.

This article focuses on the steadily increasing number of females being admitted in corrections. It emphasizes the need for gender-based programs inside and outside prisons, and observes...

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Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects

Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8200 words.

This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are...

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Jails and Pretrial Release

Brandon K. Applegate.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 13344 words.

This article begins with an overview of the jail inmate population. Data reveal the current makeup and important shifts in inmate characteristics. Section II discusses the historical...

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Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement

Lieutenant Gary F. Cornelius.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 12795 words.

This article views America's jails using a practitioner's perspective. It first describes how local jails were developed, how they are managed in an overcrowded environment, and how they...

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Mandatory Penalties

Michael Tonry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Prisons and Jails. 11444 words.

This article summarizes research on the implementation, operation, and deterrent effects of mandatory sentencing laws. Section I examines research before 1970 while Section II examines the...

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Race, Ethnicity, and Punishment

Michael Tonry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 11807 words.

This article reflects on the realities of race, crime, and punishment in the United States. It focuses on the damage caused on African Americans by the “War on Drugs” that started during...

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Risk Assessment

Christopher Slobogin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 8657 words.

This article examines risk assessment, which is defined as the identification of “risk” and “protective” factors that make involvement in crimes more or less likely. It lists the available...

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The “Traditional” Indeterminate Sentencing Model

Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Prisons and Jails. 13794 words.

This article discusses the traditional American “indeterminate” sentencing systems, which are still used in approximately half the states in America. It shows that the parole boards hold...

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Treatment and Rehabilitation

Francis T. Cullen and Paula Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 10153 words.

This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional...

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