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academic freedom

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — History of the Americas.

The right of scholars to study and report on any problem that their curiosity and conscience dictate, without fear of retribution. This right may be infringed when studies are paid for by...

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Agency for International Development

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Abbreviated as AID, or preferably USAID. The US government agency that administers and disburses foreign aid in the form of material, professional and technical support, primarily aimed at...

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agroecology

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — United States History.

The application of ecological principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems, with low external input and considerable reliance on available farm...

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American Association of Retired Persons

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AARP)

A large national organization in the United States that advocates on behalf of Americans in the older age groups, roughly 55 years and older. There are equivalent...

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American Medical Association

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AMA)

The principal professional organization for licensed physicians in the United States. It is an academic society concerned with professional standards of competence and...

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BRUNDTLAND, Gro Harlem (<i>born</i> 1939), Prime Minister of Norway, Feb.–Oct. 1981, 1986–89 and 1990–96; United Nations Special Envoy for Climate Change, 2007–10; Director General, World Health Organisation, 1998–2003

in Who's Who

P ublished online November 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; British History; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; History of Medicine; Medicine and Health; Physiology. 191 words.

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de KRETSER, David Morritz (<i>born</i> 1939), Sir John Monash Distinguished Professor, Monash University, since 2011; Governor of Victoria, Australia, 2006–11

in Who's Who

P ublished online November 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Education; Organization and Management of Education; History; British History; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; History of Medicine; Medicine and Health; Physiology. 255 words.

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drug abuse

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Medicine and Health.

Another name for substance abuse. Preferred usage drug misuse. See also addiction, dependence (2), substance dependence, substance-induced disorders, substance-related disorders, substance...

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ethnic group

Overview page. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History — Medicine and Health.

A community or group of people with distinctive social, cultural, and behavioral characteristics that distinguish them from others in the same or different country or society. Members of an...

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gangs

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Social groups, usually of adolescents and young adults, often single-sex groups, that may form, dissolve, and form again with changed membership. They provide mutual emotional and social...

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