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academic freedom

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — History of the Americas.

The right of scholars to study and report on any problem that their curiosity and conscience dictate, without fear of retribution. This right may be infringed when studies are paid for by...

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Agency for International Development

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Abbreviated as AID, or preferably USAID. The US government agency that administers and disburses foreign aid in the form of material, professional and technical support, primarily aimed at...

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agroecology

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — United States History.

The application of ecological principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems, with low external input and considerable reliance on available farm...

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American Association of Retired Persons

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AARP)

A large national organization in the United States that advocates on behalf of Americans in the older age groups, roughly 55 years and older. There are equivalent...

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American Medical Association

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AMA)

The principal professional organization for licensed physicians in the United States. It is an academic society concerned with professional standards of competence and...

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Archer, John

David L. Cowen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health. 874 words.

Archer, John (05 May 1741–28 September 1810), physician, patriot, and public official, was born in Maryland, either near Brinckley’s Mills, Cecil County, or near the present town of...

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Bartlett, Josiah

Frank C. Mevers.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health; State and Local Government. 1060 words.

Bartlett, Josiah (21 November 1729–19 May 1795), physician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the son of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and...

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Brooke, Humphrey

Michael Bevan and P. R. S. Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; UK Politics; British History. 863 words.

Brooke, Humphrey (bap. 1618, d. 1693), physician and Leveller, was baptized on 29 March 1618 at St Mary Woolnoth, London, the son of Robert Brooke, gentleman, of London. He attended...

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Brownson, Nathan

Edward J. Cashin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health; State and Local Government. 699 words.

Brownson, Nathan (14 May 1742–18 October 1796), physician and politician, was born in Woodbury, Connecticut, the son of Timothy Brownson and Abigail Jenner. He graduated from Yale College...

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Burnet, William

Maxine N. Lurie.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1067 words.

Burnet, William (02 December 1730–07 October 1791), physician, judge, and member of the Continental Congress, was born in Lyon’s Farms, a town located between Newark and Elizabethtown, New...

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