in American National Biography Online
January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Woodwinds; Medicine and Health; Applied Music; Conducting; Country and Western Music. 1058 words.
Bate, Humphrey (25 May 1875–12 June 1936), bandleader, harmonica player, and physician, was born in Castalian Springs, Tennessee, the son of a local physician. His parents’ names are...
in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
P ublished online January 2015 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Performance Practice and Studies; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Music. 1048 words.
Robbins, Clive Edward (1927–2011), pioneer of music therapy, was born into a baker's family on 23 July 1927 at 37 Oscott Road, Handsworth, Birmingham. His passion from a young age was...